"The Pyramid Model is designed to help organize a variety of evidence-based approaches and activities focused on young children's healthy social and emotional development."


Trauma Informed Care

We often do not want to acknowledge that very young children are aware of, and are impacted by exposure to, trauma. However, the research tells us that early development can be severely disrupted by exposure to trauma. The following resources address the impact of trauma.

A Guide to Toxic Stress: The Center on the Developing Child created this guide to support the understanding of parents and those working with young children.

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network

Resources for Families

Parents and caregivers are a child’s first teacher. As such, caregivers play an essential role in scaffolding the social emotional development of young children. The resources below are categorized by tier of the Pyramid Model and provide resources for caregivers to use in the home to support their child’s healthy social emotional development.

Tier 1: Building Nurturing and Responsive Relationships with Your Children & Building a Supportive Home Environment

Understanding Your Child's Behavior-Reading Your Child's Cues from Birth to Age 2

Learn to interpret what your child is trying to communicate so that you can more easily respond to their needs.

Unruffled a Parenting Podcast by Janet Lansbury

Learn how to deal with challenging behavior through respect for the child and acceptance of their emotions and developmental state through this podcast presented by parenting expert and author, Janet Lansbury.

Teaching Your Child to Cooperate with Requests

Learn how to communicate with your child effectively.

Teaching Your Child to Become Independent with Daily Routines

Make your days run smoother by learning how to create a daily routine at home.

Tier 3: Addressing Persistent Challenging Behavior

Zero to Three Challenging Behaviors

This website provides many great articles and videos to help you and your child manage their challenging behaviors.

When to Seek Outside Help for Children's Problem Behavior

Though the pyramid model urges parents and caregivers to understand the behavior and respond appropriately, there are circumstances when outside help is necessary to support your child’s behavioral needs. Use this guide to see example of when outside help may be necessary.

Scripted Stories

You can use these scripted stories to support your child's behavioral needs.

General Resources for Implementation Support

How to Choose a Social Emotional Curriculum

Programs and Practices that Promote Social and Emotional Learning in Preschool

Creating Policies to Support Healthy Schools: Policymaker, Educator, and Student Perspectives

TA Network Early Childhood Learning Community

This Learning community provides an opportunity to discuss practical strategies for meeting the needs of young children and their families using the System of Care approach. Join upcoming webinars.

Pyramid Model Fidelity Measures

Below are the system, program, and individual classroom or practitioner measures to assess and support fidelity implementation of the Pyramid Model. Those implementing the model should utilize these Fidelity Measures to ensure best practices.

Benchmarks of Quality - Statewide

Benchmarks of Quality - Education Setting Program Wide

Benchmarks of Quality for Part C Early Intervention Home-Based Work

Benchmarks of Quality for Home-Based Childcare

Inventory of Practices Universal for Classrooms

Inventory of Practices for 0-3 Classrooms



National Resources

Please use the links below to access additional national resources

Tier 2: Promoting Your Child's Social Emotional Development

Teaching Your Child to Identify and Express Emotions

The ability of your child to identify and express their emotions can make a world of difference in their behavior. Read this guide to learn more about ways that you can teach your child how to identify and express their emotions.

Emotion Faces Feeling Charts

Use this feelings chart to help teach your children about their emotions and how to label them.

Making the Most of Playtime

Learn what play skills are developmentally appropriate for your child’s age and learn how to make the most of playtime based on their needs.

Ten Ways to Help Boys Form the Close Friendships They Crave

Here are 10 ways parents can help boys defy stereotypes and form the close friendships they crave.

Tucker Turtle Takes Time

Follow Tucker turtle as he learns how to control his emotions.  You can read this story to your children to teach them how to regulate their emotions.

Book List

Find a book to read to your child that promotes positive social emotional development

Relaxation Techniques

These resources can be used to teach your children about relaxation. These are also good tools to support your child's emotional regulation.

Resources for Teachers and Providers

We now know that teaching social and emotional skills in young children is essential for a child’s success in school and later in life. Teachers and Early Intervention Providers play an important role in the development of social emotional skills in the children they work with. Teachers and Providers should work with parents and caregivers to help them understand the importance of the development of these skills in their children. The resources below are categorized by tier of the Pyramid Model and provide resources for Teacher and Providers to use in the classroom and in home visits.

Coaching Resources

NCPMI Unpacking Coaching Webinar July 10, 2019 3pm EDT Coaching Conversations: Using Constructive and Supportive Feedback to Build Practitioners’ Confidence and Competence

Tier 1: Building Nurturing and Responsive Relationships with the Children with Whom You Work and Building Supportive Environments

SEFEL Classroom Self-Assessment

Prior to school starting, center staff can use this form to review SEFEL implementation. The form can be used throughout the year to ensure SEFEL effectiveness is sustained and/or improved.

Giving Positive Praise​

Tier 3: Addressing Persistent Challenging Behavior
Outcomes Monitoring System (OMS)

The SEFEL Outcomes Monitoring System (OMS) was built to support the Pyramid Model initiative in Maryland. The SEFEL OMS provides ongoing fidelity and outcomes monitoring of programs using the Pyramid Model for the state of Maryland, which help to enhance children's social and emotional development and school readiness. The OMS evaluation will help to improve training and implementation efforts and also provide data that helps move programs to implement the Pyramid Model in a more standardized way.


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